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Mixed Vocabulary Cloze 1

Victoria Fontana
Activity by: Victoria Fontana

Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. Click this button again for another letter. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints!
After you do this activity, do the quiz.

Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Perderás puntos con las pistas.

Slow:    Normal:
                       
   belittle      compelling      convey      dwell      nitpick      pander      riddle      shellacking      utter      visceral   
to - to cater to the lower tastes and desires of others or exploit their weaknesses, especially in order to make money. Examples: “The Republicans’ debates this year are (---) to the public's worst tastes.” “Politicians have to (---) to their constituents’ desires.” “Child soldiers are abused on a large scale to (---) to the malafide interests of adults.”

to - to meticulously search for minor, even trivial errors in detail, and then criticize them. Example: “His wife (---) about everything: from how he washes the dishes to how he makes the bed.” “The politician refused to pander to his constituents’ (---) about his former wives.” “When he was at the house and changing the baby and she was (---) everything, she was getting on my nerves.”

to get/give/take a – to defeat decisively; to strike repeatedly and severely; to batter. Examples: “The basketball team took a 100-65 (---) from the almighty LA Lakers.” “Good news! I'm not dying after all! My cold is retreating slowly and my chest is giving this cough a right old (---) .” “Conservatives got a public (---) by unions protesting outside the Supreme Court on Monday.”

(adjective) - perceived/obtained through intuition (by illogical means from the gut) rather than from reasoning or observation. Examples: “Ballet choreographers began to tap into the (---) power of modern-dance movement.” “I equally deplore the mirror image of that: the (---) contempt that one sometimes reads about and hears expressed (in the media) in the United States about Europe.” “I think the Mario series has been loved and supported for so long because whichever game you look at in the series, it has that (---) pleasure in operating it.”

a , to (same word) - a question or statement requiring thought to answer or understand; a puzzle; a difficult problem. Examples: “(---) me this: the more light there is, the less of me you see, what am I?” “A friend who's always e-mailing me things sent me a (---) the other day about the difference between a mother and a Rottweiler (answer: the mother eventually let's go)." "This is a (---) of our existence, the full answer to which may be only in the mind of God.”

to - to communicate or make known; impart; to pass on information. Examples: “One of most intimate human gestures, a kiss can (---) greetings, give comfort, and show love.” “Some languages sound faster than others but most (---) information at the same rate.” “There are no magic words that (---) an instantaneous understanding of religion.”

(adjective) – convincing, persuasive, arousing strong interest, having a powerful effect. Examples: “The author of Hunger Games should be mortified that a movie made a more (---) narrative than her novel.” “Here are some (---) photos of how we use, abuse, and depend on water in our lives for World Water Day.” “At a time when we are confronted with a series of crises, including the financial crisis, we find a (---) and urgent need for the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda to move ahead in an expeditious manner.”

to - to represent or speak of as contemptibly small or unimportant; to disparage; to cause to make small. Examples: “Keep away from people who (---) your ambitions. Petty people always do that.” “Never (---) the fear as a way of forcing your child to overcome it.” “The more they feel (---) , the less they feel able to demand that they be accorded the minimum of respect.” “Just because I am a woman they (---) me, she said to loud cheers.”

(adjective) - complete; absolute; entire. Examples: “The assistance of volunteers makes it possible to reduce the proportion of the population living in (---) poverty.” “I can't stand the argument that one can't criticise sportsmen unless you've played at the highest level. It's (---) nonsense.” “I'm never angrier at myself than when I feel the need to explain myself to someone who has already shown their (---) disregard for me.”

to - to think moodily or anxiously about something; to fasten one's attention on something. Examples: “Nothing lasts forever, not even your problems, so don't (---) on them too long.” “Don’t (---) on what went wrong. Instead, focus on what to do next. Spend your energies on moving forward.” “Learn from the past, don't (---) on it.”

Related Vocabulary List
a chest – “the part of the human body from the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. (pecho) Example: “She had a sudden pain in her chest; it was a heart attack.”
a choreographer – a person who designs the dance movements for a ballet or a musical. (coreógrafo)
a crisis – an unstable situation in political, social economic or military affairs. (crisis)
a gesture - a motion of the arms, hands or fingers, especially one made to emphasize speech. (gesto) Examples: “The middle finger gesture is really a nonverbal swear.” “This Web browser can be controlled with mouse gestures.”
a large scale – scope; size. (a gran escala) Example: “The Holocaust was insanity on an enormous scale.”
a mirror – a surface made of reflective material so that a reflection can be seen in it. (espejo) “I had a look in the mirror to see if the blood had come off my face.” “We could see the lorry in the mirror, so decided to change lanes.”
a movement - a trend in a field uniting a group of people with a common ideology. (un movimiento)
a rate – The proportional relationship between one amount, value etc. and another. (a razón de) Example: “At the height of his powers, he was producing pictures at the rate of four a year.”
a union – an organization of united workers. (sindicato)
an agenda - s temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to. A list of matters to be taken up (as at a meeting).
anxiously – with anxiety or nerves. (con preocupación o inquietude, ansiosamente)
almighty – having absolute power; all-powerful. (todopoderoso)
by means of – with the use of. (por medio de)
cheers – the shouts from a large crowd expressing joy, approval or support such as "hurray". (ovación, aclamación) Example: “A cheer rose from the crowd.” “Bruce Springsteen’s fans erupted into cheers when he came on stage.”
contemptibly – in a manner expressing an attitude that someone is inferior or worthless. (despreciativo)
convincing - effective as proof or evidence. (convincente) Example: “Our convincing evidence was sufficient in the end to convince the judge.”
cough – to push air from the lungs in a quick, noisy explosion. (tos) Example: “I breathed in a load of smoke by mistake, and started to cough.”
debate – a formal argument or discussion. (debate) Example: “After a four-hour debate, the committee voted to table the motion.”
decisively – in a prompt, firm and conclusive way. (decisivamente)
disarmament – the reduction or the abolition of the military forces and armaments of a nation, and of its capability to wage war. (desarme)
disregard – the act or state of deliberately not paying attention or caring about. (indiferencia) Example: “The government's disregard for the needs of disabled people is outrageous.” “The U.S. and Cuban travel restrictions reflect an utter disregard for the welfare of families.”
especially – particularly. (especialmente)
expeditious – fast, prompt, speedy. (rápido)
gut – the location of an instinctive, emotional or visceral response, usually interpreted as coming from the area of the stomach. (instinto, visceral)
illogical – senseless, irrational or unreasonable. (ilógico)
in detail - thoroughly; including every aspect; with all particulars. (en detalle) Example: “I do not understand it, could you please explain it to me in detail?”
in order to – for the purpose of. (para que)
instantaneous – happening immediately. (instantáneo)
interest - a great attention and concern from someone or something; intellectual curiosity. (interés)
intimate – personal, private. (íntimo)
intuition – instinctive, irrational understanding. (intuición)
large – big. (grande)
loud – noisy. (alto y fuerte)
lower – inferior. (bajo)
malafide – in bad faith, duplicity, fraud, deception. (mala fe)
meticulously - in a cautious, precise, conscientious way, with attention to details. (meticulosamente)
moodily – in a depressing, temperamental way. (malhumoradamente)
mortified – humiliated. (humillado)
non-proliferation - the prevention of something increasing or spreading (especially the prevention of an increase in the number of countries possessing nuclear weapons) (no proliferación)
nonsense – something foolish or something having no meaning. (tontería, disparate)
outside – exterior. (fuera, afuera)
persuasive – able to convince. (persuasivo)
petty – small-minded. (mezquino)
pleasure - a state of being pleased. (placer) Examples: “He remembered with pleasure his home and family.” “I get a lot of pleasure from watching others work hard while I relax.”
poverty - the quality or state of being poor or indigent. (pobreza)
proportion - the relation of one part to another or to the whole with respect to magnitude, quantity, or degree. (proporción)
rather than – instead of. (en vez que) Example: “I'd like a dog rather than a cat.”
reasoning – the process of drawing conclusions from evidence or facts. (razonamiento)
repeatedly – done again and again. (repetidamente) Example: “He repeatedly violated the court order, and shall now be punished.”
severely – in a strict way. (severamente)
so long – such duration of time. (tanto tiempo)
taste – a person’s preference. Example: “Dr. Parker has good taste in clothes. He dresses very well.”
the media – the press. (la prensa, los medios)
the Supreme Court - the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. (tribunal supremo)
to abuse – to mistreat physically or verbally. (abusar)
to accord – to concede or award as proper or suitable. (conceder)
to arouse = to awaken, to wake up, to stimulate. (suscitar, despertar)
to cater to – to attend to the wants of. (atender a, satisfacer)
to convince – to persuade. (convencer)
to criticize – to evaluate and judge something or somebody. (criticar)
to defeat – to win a victory over somebody or something. (derrotar, vencer). Examples: “We managed to defeat the opposing team.”
to demand – to desire; to want; to require; claim (exigir, querer). Examples: “Modern society is responding to women's demands for equality.” “She couldn't ignore the newborn baby's demands for attention.”
to deplore – to condemn; to disapprove of. (deplorar)
to die – to become dead. (morir)
to disparage – to ridicule; to mock; to discredit. (menospreciar)
to explain – to explicate. (explicar)
to exploit: to use someone or something in a way that helps you unfairly. (explotar)
to express – to communicate. (expresar)
to fasten – to fix. (fijar) Example: “She fastened her eyes upon the lovely flowers.”
to focus – to concentrate attention on. Example: “I believe I can bring the high degree of focus required for this important job.”
to obtain – to get. (obtener)
to overcome – to prevail, to surmount obstacles (superar). Example: “Show me someone who has done something worthwhile, and I'll show you someone who has overcome adversity.” (Lou Holtz)
to perceive - to see and be aware of. (percibir)
to persuade – to convince. (persuadir)
to protest - to publicly express an objection. (protestar)
to reduce – to decrease. (reducir)
to refuse – to say “no” to something, to reject. (rechazar)
to require – to ask for something in an authoritative way. (requerir)
to strike – to hit. (golpear) Example: “Strike the door sharply with your foot and see if it comes loose.”
to support - to help, particularly financially. Example: “The government supports the arts in several ways.” (respaldar, apoyar)
to tap into - to establish a connection with something, especially in order to take advantage of something. (aprovechar algo de alguien)
trivial – of little significance or value. (trivial)
weakness – the condition of being NOT strong. (debilidad)
whichever – any one of a group. Example: “Choose whichever card you like.” (el que sea)
worst – the most inferior; the most unfavorable; the most harmful or severe. (el peor) Examples: “I think putting oil on a burn is the worst thing you can do.” “That's the worst news I've had all day.” “The worst storm we had last winter knocked down our power lines.”